Long-Term Outcomes and Longitudinal Changes of Neurogenic Bowel Management in Adults With Pediatric-Onset Spinal Cord Injury.

Authors: Hwang M, Zebracki K, Vogel LC


Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Feb;98(2):241-248

OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term outcomes of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD), determine changes over time in the type of bowel program, and determine changes in psychosocial outcomes associated with NBD-related factors in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI).
DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort survey. Follow-up occurred annually for a total of 466 interviews, with most participants (75%) contributing to at least 3 consecutive interviews.
SETTING: Community.
PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=131) who had sustained an SCI before the age of 19 years (men, 64.1%; tetraplegia, 58.8%; mean age ± SD, 33.4±6.1y; mean time since injury ± SD, 19.5±7.0y).
INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Type and evacuation time of bowel management programs; standardized measures assessing life satisfaction, health perception, depressive symptoms, and participation. Generalized estimating equations were formulated to determine odds of change in outcomes over time.
RESULTS: At first interview, rectal suppository/enema use was most common (51%). Over time, the likelihood of using manual evacuation (odds ratio [OR]=1.077; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.023-1.134; P=.005), oral laxatives (OR=1.052; 95% CI, 1.001-1.107; P=.047), and colostomy (OR=1.071; 95% CI, 1.001-1.147; P=.047) increased, whereas the odds of rectal suppository use decreased (OR=.933; 95% CI, .896-.973; P=.001). Bowel evacuation times were likely to decrease over time in participants using manual evacuation (OR=.499; 95% CI, .256-.974; P=.042) and digital rectal stimulation (OR=.490; 95% CI, .274-.881; P=.017), but increase for rectal suppository/enema use (OR=1.871; 95% CI, 1.264-2.771; P=.002). When the level of injury was controlled for, participants using manual evacuation and digital rectal stimulation were more likely to have increases in community participation scores (P<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Changes in type of bowel program over time may be associated with the time required to complete bowel evacuation in this relatively young adult SCI population.



Read Abstract

Select your region and press submit to request this article from your local library