Authors: Costa de Oliveira Forkert E, de Moraes AC, Carvalho HB, Kafatos A, Manios Y, Sjöström M, González-Gross M, Gottrand F, Beghin L, Censi L, Kersting M, Moreno LA
Pediatr Obes. 2017 Apr;12(2):110-119
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status has been associated with obesity in children and adolescents. This association may be dependent according with where adolescents lives.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between different socioeconomic indicators such as parental education and occupation and socioeconomic status with abdominal obesity in adolescents from two observational studies: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence cross-sectional study (HELENA-CSS) and the Brazilian Cardiovascular Adolescent Health (BRACAH) study.
METHODS: European (nâ=â3192, aged 12.5-17.5âyears, with 53.1% girls from HELENA-CSS) and Brazilian (nâ=â991, aged 14-18âyears, with 54.5% girls from BRACAH study) adolescents from two cross-sectional studies were included in this analysis. Complete data on waist circumference (WC), height, socioeconomic status indicators and several confounders were collected. Socioeconomic indicators were measured using a self-reported questionnaire in order to assess the family social status of the adolescents. Multilevel linear regression models were used to examine associations, and results were adjusted for potential confounders.
RESULTS: Adjusted results showed inverse associations between mother's and father's education levels (pâ<â0.001) and father's occupation level (pâ<â0.001) with waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and WC in HELENA-CSS girls. Similarly in European girls, socioeconomic indicators by socioeconomic status and maternal occupation level were associated with WHtR. In HELENA-CSS boys, the same significant association was found between WHtR and WC with maternal occupation level. Moreover, in European boys WHtR was also associated with parental education. In Brazilian adolescents, both indicators of abdominal obesity did not remain associated with the independents variables, after adjustment for potential confounders.
CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal obesity was associated with socioeconomic indicators in higher-income countries, but this association was not observed in a lower-middle-income country.